The Characteristics of a Good Legal System

The law is a body of rules that is designed to control the blameworthy conduct of individuals. And whilst a lot of people may not agree with the existence of the law it is still an important and irreplaceable aspect of any society. But to curb the improper application of the law it is important to set down a few things that are expected of a good legal system.

There can never be a functional legal system if it is not transparent. When people turn to the courts they naturally expect the judges and prosecutors to act with ethics and honesty. But if the people responsible for applying the law are dishonest the very foundation on which justice rests will be shook to a standstill. The confidence which people will have in a transparent rule of law will somehow urge them to be law abiding and respectful of the law and its expectations.

Court cases are brought before the courts to be finalized and concluded. The remedies that the courts give are anticipated with much anxiety and nervousness so it is crucial that the law be applied with efficiency. The speedy conclusion of court cases means justice prevails instead of frustration and anxiety. Instead of postponing hearings over and over again the courts must see to it that cases are brought to a close speedily whilst at the same time bringing about a fair and equitable conclusion to cases.

The law is useless if it is applied unjustly and unfairly. Justice is best served when the best possible outcome that pleases both parties is achieved. There are enough instances where money prevailed over justice and criminals went on to commit the same offences as the ones they were charged for in the very beginning. So for a legal system to be deemed good it must see to it that justice and fairness prevail over any other competing interests.

Corruption is when a benefit is given or accepted in exchange for a favor. Even though corruptibility is inescapable like oxygen it is best fought in the courts than anywhere else. The people entrusted with applying and enforcing the law must not accept bribes from the wealthy who wish to have the outcomes of cases sway in their direction. There is no real use in having the law if the people entrusted with the responsibility of protecting it are corrupt themselves; they must lead by example if they want others to respect the law.

In any country there are lower courts and higher courts. Whenever a person isn’t satisfied by the decision in a lower court they have the right to appeal on the basis of the improper application of the law or procedures. This system of checks and balances is a healthy scenario to have and it actually rids the justice system of corruptibility and inefficiency.

For a justice system to run smoothly it must be free of government influence. There will always be situations where government officials get trapped in legal battles that threaten their political careers. As expected these officials do almost everything in their power to make sure that they remain free and out of prison. To avoid this guardians of the law must be independent of government influence and separatist.

And before anything gains precedence over the law there must be accountability. If any judge; prosecutor or policeman does anything wrong he should come out in the open and confess. This accountability raises the people’s confidence in the law.



Source by Adriana N.

5 Principles of Speech Therapy That Can Help Children With Autism

When your child is diagnosed with autism, speech and language therapy is often one of the first and best treatments recommended by every doctor. Our pathologist will explain how speech therapy can help a child with autism.

Speech therapy can play a key role in treating autism:

This type of communication impairments is common in children who diagnosed with autism. Speech and language therapy often plays a key role in their Early Intervention treatment. It’s better to refer the children and families by our specialists.

Once autism is diagnosed in children, through speech and language therapy our professionals will make you to find better improvement in communication and to enhance their quality of life. With autism your child has little or no speech, our speech and language therapy team may introduce alternatives to speech, such as signing or the use of technology that supports communication.

How does speech therapy help children who have autism?

The main purpose of speech and language therapy is to help the children to improve their communication. A child with autism is especially important because communication is a key component in their ability to form relationships and function in their world.

Often, speech therapy can help a child with autism to:

1. Develop the ability to express their wants and needs

This might be by using both verbal and non-verbal communication. Kids with autism need to be taught how to exchange ideas with others.

This is not only important within the family, but also when they move outside of the home and want to build relationships with their peers.

2. Understand what is being said to them

Speech and language therapy helps children with autism to understand the verbal and nonverbal communication that other people use. It also helps them to recognize cues like body language and facial expressions.

Speech and language therapy can help an autistic child to understand how to start their communication without prompting from others.

3. Communicate in order to develop friendships and interact with peers

Some children with autism may fight back with the spontaneity and unpredictability of casual conversations. It also has very specific interests and finds it hard to talk about other things.

Speech and language therapy can teach these children strategies for mixing with other kids so that they can make friends, play and experience social success.

4. Learn To Communicate In A Way That Other People Understand

Sometimes autism in children may bring with it unusual language processing and idiosyncratic learning patterns. As a result, children who have autism commonly have problems developing spoken language. Sometimes, they learn spoken language in chunks without breaking what they hear down into individual words and sounds.

They might repeat long ‘chunks’ of favorite stories or TV shows without really understanding what they’re saying or being able to use any of the words in the ‘chunk’ independently. This is called ‘echolalia’ and speech therapy helps children to find ways to overcome it and the other difficulties that children with autism have when talking with others.

5. Articulate words and sentences well

Like many neuro-typical children, kids with autism also struggle with the articulation of sounds and putting words into sentences. Many children with autism also have great difficulty with time concepts, abstract language, and vocabulary that depends on the context for meaning.

Non- literal language like idioms, hints and indirect instructions can also be tricky. These are areas that a speech pathologist can help a child with autism with.

Conclusion:

Autism is usually evident before age 3, and language delays can be recognized as early as 18 months of age. In some cases, autism can be identified as early 10 to 12 months of age. It is very important to start speech and language therapy for autism child’s as early as possible when it can have the greatest impact.



Source by Sumitha Hemavathy

Education Divides Rather Than Unites Society

The quality of education being delivered varies across private and public schools. Private schools being more costly can only be afforded by the relatively affluent class, whereas, public schools aren’t a burden on the wallet and therefore preferred by the common man. Although some public schools do manage to impart education of a high standard, most pale in comparison to private schools. With more funds to invest in the education of its pupils, private schools enjoy a better reputation than public schools. The reputation of the school matters a lot when it comes to college admissions where once again public school students are at a disadvantage.

In some developing countries, such as Pakistan and India, women in general and the rural woman in particular, are discouraged from attaining education. Male children are given preference when it comes to sending children to school, particularly if the household has a limited budget. Even educated individuals make such absurd choices and such practices have secluded women not only from schools but also from the workplace.

The living conditions of an individual dictate whether he/she would be able to complete his/her education or not. Therefore, for a person, who can not even fulfill his basic necessities attaining education is a much more difficult objective than it is for a person living a relatively luxurious life. Children belonging to such impoverished families find it increasingly difficult to pursue education while trying to earn bread and butter for their families. Most of them are unable to complete their primary education, not because they chose to do so but because circumstances dictated so. In such circumstances education is not assisting such individuals from breaking through the poverty cycle and thus leading to a wider gap between the rich and the poor, the educated and the uneducated.

Education standards also differ across geographical boundaries, across continents and across poles. The West is generally envied by the East for its quality of education, the reason why a number of students from the East choose colleges in the West (only the rich are able to do so). Similarly those living in rural areas do not have access to the same quality of education as those who reside in urban areas. Improvements in technology have to a very limited extent countered this issue. However, the pace at which technology is improving is remarkable and soon enough location would not be an issue.

Attaining an education might be a difficult journey for some and indeed for others an impossible one, but education does play a pivotal role in guaranteeing higher chances of employment and better paying jobs. If education is made more accessible and the quality that is imparted more uniform such that the rich are not advantaged and the poor not disadvantaged and that gender does not determine one’s chances of becoming educated and that an individual’s location doesn’t dictate the quality of education he/she is to receive, then only can education unite society.



Source by Ammad Ali